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What is Urology?


The Spectrum of Urology 

Wikipedia has a helpful definition of my field of medicine. 

Urology(from Greek ο?ρον - oûron, "urine" and -λογ?α, -logia "study of") is the medical and surgical specialty that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. 

Medical professionals specializing in the field of urology are called urologists and are trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients with urological disorders.  

The organs covered by urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis). 

The urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, and disorders of one often affect the other, so a major part of the conditions managed in urology fall in the area of genitourinary disorders. 

Urology combines management of medical (i.e., non- surgical) problems such as urinary tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia, as well as surgical problems such as the surgical management of cancers, the correction of congenital abnormalities, and correcting stress incontinence. 


Urology is closely related to gynecology, andrology, pediatric surgery, gastroenterology, and endocrinology and in some cases overlaps with oncology and nephrology. 


Common reasons that men are sent ror Urological Consultation include the Evaluation and Management of such conditions as: 

  • Known or suspected Urological Malignancies (cancers) including Prostate, Bladder, Kidney (renal), Testicular and Penile Cancers. 
  • Sexual Dysfunction including Erectile Dysfunction, Low Testosterone (Hypogonadism), Premature Ejaculation, Peyronie's Disease and Penile Trauma
  • Blood in Urine or Hematuria
  • Urinary Tract Infection and Sexually Transmitted Disease
  • Kidney Stone Attack
  • Bothersome Urinary Symptoms such as incontinence, retention, excessive nighttime urination (nocturia), urgency and frequency
  • Incontinence of Urine
  • Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections
  • Male Infertility
  • Prostate Cancer Screening
  • Finding of Renal Mass on Incidental Imaging of Abdomen or Chest
  • Low Testosterone  
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