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Prostate Cancer Specialist

Mark J. Kelly, MD

Urology located in Santa Monica, CA

Though it’s always difficult to receive a cancer diagnosis, prostate cancer is highly treatable when detected early. Board-certified urologist Mark J. Kelly, MD, is one of the only doctors in Greater Los Angeles to offer technologically advanced prostate cancer treatments, including the ICEfx™ focal ablation system. To get screened for prostate cancer or learn more about treatment options at the Medical Office of Mark J. Kelly, MD, Inc. in Santa Monica, California, call or use the online booking tool.

Prostate Cancer Q & A

What is prostate cancer?

Cancer describes a group of related diseases that cause abnormal cell growth. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men, and it most commonly affects men who are 65 or older.

Your prostate is a gland, or secreting organ, located between your bladder and your penis and in front of your rectum. It secretes some of the fluid that makes up your semen, along with sperm cells from your testes and additional fluids from your seminal vesicles. The role of prostate fluid is to protect your sperm as it enters the female reproductive system, making fertilization possible.

Most forms of prostate cancer are easily treatable because they develop slowly and remain within the prostate. More aggressive forms of prostate cancer, which require more intensive treatment, are less common.


How is prostate cancer diagnosed?

Prostate cancer often goes undiagnosed because it can take several years before it shows any symptoms. Further, when it does cause symptoms, they’re usually not specific to prostate cancer. The best way to detect prostate cancer is to undergo annual screenings starting at age 50.

Advanced prostate cancer may cause more noticeable symptoms, such as:

  • Weak urinary stream
  • Needing to urinate frequently and urgently, including at night
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Painful urination or ejaculation
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Pelvic pain

If you’re concerned about these symptoms or your risk of developing prostate cancer, schedule a screening with Dr. Kelly. To screen for prostate cancer, he tests the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood.

Elevated levels of PSA indicate a higher possibility of prostate cancer and a need for further testing. This may include a fusion biopsy, which uses both MRI and ultrasound imaging to precisely sample areas of your prostate that appear potentially cancerous. This tissue sample can confirm the presence of cancer cells.


How is prostate cancer treated?

Dr. Kelly offers a variety of prostate cancer treatments. Your options depend on how advanced and aggressive your cancer is.

If your cancer isn’t causing symptoms, is progressing slowly, and is only in your prostate, Dr. Kelly may recommend active surveillance, which essentially means “wait and see.”

Focal ablation is a middle ground between active surveillance and more aggressive treatments. It involves treating only the areas of your prostate most affected by cancer, rather than the entire gland, keeping the function of the prostate intact.

To administer focal therapy, Dr. Kelly uses the state-of-the-art ICEfx cryoablation system, which precisely freezes cancerous tissue without affecting surrounding healthy tissue.

For more aggressive, advanced forms of prostate cancer, Dr. Kelly may recommend radiation therapy, hormone therapy, or surgery to remove the prostate. These approaches kill cancer cells or slow their growth.

With early detection, most cases of prostate cancer are easily treatable. To learn about your risks and get screened for prostate cancer, call the Medical Office of Mark J. Kelly, MD, Inc., or use the online booking tool today.